Italy renews anti-migrant deal with Libya despite detention abuses (Aljazeera,nov.6)

The deal committed Italy to provide training and resources to the Libyan coastguard as well as finance migrant centres, alongside the European Union, where an estimated 4,500 people are currently in detention.  Thousands more are held in “unofficial” detention centres under the control of armed groups, suffering what the UN called in 2018 “unimaginable horrors” from the moment they enter the country: rape, torture, arbitrary detention, slavery, forced labour from traffickers, smugglers, armed groups and state officials, it has been reported. Italy’s Foreign Affairs Minister Luigi di Maio has said that the MoU could be improved upon and modified at any time “with special attention to migrant centres and conditions.”Since the MoU was signed, the Libyan coastguard has intercepted at least 36,000 refugees and migrants in the Mediterranean, returning them to Libya and throwing them in the notorious detention centers.In response to the deal’s renewal, 21 Italian and international organizations, including Amnesty International, Oxfam, Medecins du Monde and Save the Children, said the deal should be immediately revoked and detention centers evacuated becouse subject to sanctions by the UN Security Council for crimes against humanity.